Peat mosses at the Innovation Center
Peat mosses now grow in a peat basin outside our Innovation Center in Geeste. However, they did not appear entirely of their own accord, but with a little help from Jan Köbbing (Head of Sustainability Management) and Dorothea Rammes (Land Use + Sustainability Management). They planted a mixture of different species of peat mosses here, sowing a total of 1100 plants of six different species and making sure that the individual species were given their own ideal hydrological conditions, i.e. hydrophilic species below the waterline, the more tolerant species above the water level.
A tank was installed to collect the rainwater needed for raised peat bogs. It is no coincidence that these bogs are also referred to as “rainwater bogs”. A selectively actuated pump adds water to the peat basin or removes it through an overflow to keep the water at a constant level, ensuring optimum moisture supply to the mosses.
The indigenous plants were raised in greenhouses by the Micropropagation Services company in Leicestershire, England. Only a small part of the moss plant is needed for propagation in a nutrient solution under laboratory conditions and then left to grow into a large plant in the greenhouse. This method has two advantages:
Peat mosses are protected species and the removal of large quantities from bogs may only be performed in compliance with strict regulations. When the mosses are propagated in the laboratory, this step is practically eliminated.
Moreover, the mosses raised in a greenhouse do not contain any other unwanted flora or fauna, so that no other organisms are imported inadvertently.
Peat mosses are fascinating plants: they grow even in places where the nutrient supply would not permit any other plants to grow and thus fulfil an important ecological role. At the same time, they emit hydrogen ions and so create an acid environment which makes it even harder for competing plants to grow.
What’s more, they can grow without restriction: the plant grows upwards while the base under water dies off owing to lack of air. This is how peat is created. In raised bogs, this peat grows in height by roughly one millimetre per annum.
Because of this peat formation, peat mosses play a key role in capturing CO2 in raised bogs. Bogs store twice as much carbon as the world’s entire forests.