Rene­wa­ble and fos­sil fuels

Of the alter­na­ti­ve ener­gy sources that are inten­ded to con­tri­bu­te to a balan­ced and reli­able over­all mix of dif­fe­rent ener­gies in future years, rene­wa­ble resour­ces such as wood have beco­me firm­ly estab­lis­hed. Unli­ke the fos­sil fuels – petro­le­um, natu­ral gas and coal – which are fini­te resour­ces, rene­wa­ble resour­ces are repeated­ly avail­ab­le as they con­ti­nuous­ly rege­ne­ra­te them­sel­ves in spe­ci­fic cycles.

Good cli­ma­te performance

The good cli­ma­te per­for­mance of rene­wa­ble resour­ces in ener­gy pro­duc­tion results:

  • from the extent to which they replace fos­sil fuels;
  • from the essen­ti­al­ly cli­ma­te-neu­tral cycle invol­ving release of CO2 when used as an ener­gy source and the recap­tu­re of car­bon through pho­to­syn­the­sis during growth;
  • from the fact that sta­te-of-the-art and ener­gy-effi­ci­ent tech­no­lo­gy is used, as for examp­le in coge­nera­ti­on plants.

Our short-rota­ti­on cop­pi­ce (SRC) plantations

In our short-rota­ti­on cop­pi­ce (SRC) plan­ta­ti­ons, we use fast-gro­wing tree spe­ci­es such as wil­lows and pop­lars. We plant cut­tings, the wood growth from which is har­ve­s­ted after three to four years and uti­li­sed to pro­du­ce both ener­gy and mate­ri­als. The­se three-to-four year cycles of growth and har­vest are repeated over a total peri­od of at least two decades.

Lower ener­gy inputs

In terms of both inputs and out­puts, SRC is more resour­ce-effec­ti­ve than pro­duc­tion of other ener­gy crops. With regard to ener­gy expen­dit­u­re from plan­ting up until the time when bio­mass beco­mes avail­ab­le for heat or power, cli­ma­te per­for­mance is much bet­ter than mai­ze, for examp­le. On the strength of its eco­lo­gi­cal, eco­no­mic and social con­stants, SRC satis­fies the cri­te­ria for sustainability.

Our short-rota­ti­on cop­pi­ce sites

We value and use SRC plan­ta­ti­ons as a modern, respon­si­ble way to mana­ge land and obtain ener­gy sources. Sin­ce 2010, we have been pur­suing exten­si­ve SRC pro­jects, espe­cial­ly in Lit­hua­nia. Our total actively mana­ged area under this land use cur­r­ent­ly stands at 2,400 hectares.